1. Normal word order is used in reported questions, that is, the subject comes before the verb, and it is not necessary to use ‘do’ or ‘did’:
- “Where does Peter live?” She asked him where Peter lived.
2. Yes / no questions: This type of question is reported by using ‘ask’ + ‘if / whether + clause:
- “Do you speak English?” He asked me if I spoke English.
- “Are you British or American?” He asked me whether I was British or American.
- “Is it raining?” She asked if it was raining.
- “Have you got a computer?” He wanted to know whether I had a computer.
- “Can you type?” She asked if I could type.
- “Did you come by train?” He enquired whether I had come by train.
- “Have you been to Bristol before?” She asked if I had been to Bristol before.
3. Question words:
This type of question is reported by using ‘ask’ (or another verb like ‘ask’) + question word + clause. The clause contains the question, in normal word order and with the necessary tense change.
- “What is your name?” he asked me. He asked me what my name was.
- “How old is your mother?”, he asked. He asked how old her mother was.
- The policman said to the boy, “Where do you live?” The policeman asked the boy where he lived.
- “What time does the train arrive?” she asked. She asked what time the train arrived.
- “When can we have dinner?” she asked. She asked when they could have dinner.
- Peter said to John, “Why are you so late?” Peter asked the John why he was so late.